Malcolm Knowles’ Six Assumptions for Adult Learners

If you teach learners over the age of 17 or 18, then you basically have adult learners on your hands.

According to educator Malcolm Knowles, there are 6 assumptions that you can hold in your mind while you are creating curriculum that is relevant and engaging for your adult learners. I’ve summarized these 6 assumptions here in this image:

malcolm knowles

For a more in-depth look, check out The Adult Learning Theory – Andragogy – of Malcolm Knowles by Christopher Pappas at E-Learning Industry.

References:

  • Knowles, M. (1984). The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species (3rd Ed.). Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing.

Do these assumptions ring true to your experience? Do you implement any of them into your curriculum? Share your responses by posting a comment below.

Help support this site by purchasing educational resources through these links:

Planning Programs for Adult Learners: A Practical Guide

Article On “Human Capital” Analytics

I’ve never really like the term human capital to refer to the people that work in an organization. Human power is definitely a resource that any organization needs to sustain itself, there’s no doubt about that.startup-photos

This article by Mike Hruska, President and CEO of Problem Solutions along with Phil Antonelli — now a senior learning manager at RNA Group in Denver — discusses mobile devices to collect performance data as well as xAPI — an experience application programming interface for learning analytics which could replace SCORM.

Read more at the E-Learning Brothers blog: http://elearningbrothers.com/human-capital-analytics-now/

Simplest Pinhole Camera to see the Solar Eclipse in Toronto or Waterloo

There is definitely a lot of talk about today’s eclipse, and this info is probably coming to you a bit late but there is a simple way to view the total solar eclipse (or in my region of Canada, it will be a partial solar eclipse).

My wife and I used this technique for the partial eclipse that was visible in Waterloo a couple of years ago (2014 I think).

To view the eclipse without special equipment, you simply need a piece of paper or thin cardstock such as a business card or even a cereal box.

  • Poke a hole in the centre of the card.

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This is not for looking through! It is used to create a projection of the sun and moon’s shadow onto another card or even a wall if you have one in the right position.

  • Keep your back to the sun.

Light from the sun will shine through the hole and onto a surface such as a wall or another card or sheet of paper.

  • Take a photo or trace the image.

This would be a great way to demonstrate the eclipse to children in a classroom or as a keepsake for your kids.

Check out these links for more details on how to take photos of the total solar eclipse or how to make a pinhole projector you can use in the classroom or at home.